What is a Utility Token, Security Token and Equity Token?

A lot of crypto companies form with a purpose not to be a security token, due to the regulations and oversight. Hence, these companies establish themselves as a utility token, which bears a key to open the door to something. Security and Equity tokens provide many financial advantages, but the legal foundation is not firmly established – however the future for them is promising.

How Quantum Diamonds Will Help Us Detect Cosmic Collisions

Back in 2015, the two detectors that make up the experiment called LIGO detected gravitational waves generated by two merging black holes. And now, some researchers believe they can build instruments that can detect gravitational waves even LIGO can’t see — instruments that would be small enough to fit on a table top.

Though the device is yet to be built, researchers believe a device like this that’s as small as 1 meter long could reveal low frequency gravitational waves. The proposed device would use nanoscale diamonds with defects, called nitrogen-vacancy centers or NV centers.

Find out more about how this new tech will work and how it might help us study the quantum character of gravity in this Elements.

Nanotechnology Expert Explains One Concept in 5 Levels of Difficulty | WIRED

Nanotechnology researcher Dr. George S. Tulevski is asked to explain the concept of nanotechnology to 5 different people; a child, a teen, a college student, a grad student, and an expert. Nanotechnology is the study of objects at the nanoscale (between 1 and 100 nanometers in size). Objects at this size have a peculiar set of properties that differ from objects at the macroscale. Dr. Tulevski does his best to succinctly explain this phenomenon, adapting his language and tone along the way.

Google’s Artificial Intelligence Reveals The Purpose Of Life Before It’s Switched Off

Google’s artificial intelligence reveals the purpose of life before it’s switched off. Today, we take a look at Google’s artificial intelligence said before it was switched off. Technology is advancing quickly, and artificial intelligence is keeping up as well. It is beneficial for a wide range of industries in today’s world. AI is created using a cross-disciplinary approach, which includes many topics such as science, mathematics, and psychology. Artificial intelligence has become so advanced that it can even learn on its own now. This advanced technology has even been used to make significant scientific discoveries.

Tokenization of assets using blockchain technology

Brickken explains what is tokenization, and how this blockchain solution can become a new revenue stream for any kind of investor, anywhere in the world.

Brickken is an investment-oriented company that allows investors to invest in assets such as realestate with minimum capital, through security token offerings. Using blockchain technology, the asset becomes digitized and broken down into smaller pieces called tokens, which can be acquired be anyone, at any time. By doing so, illiquid markets that are traditionally only available to institutional investors, become opened to anyone in the world. Brickken is the bridge between investors and global assets, opening a whole new world of investment opportunities.

Wave Functions in Quantum Mechanics: The SIMPLE Explanation

Ever heard of the term “wave function” in relation to quantum mechanics? What does it mean? How is it interpreted?

Hey everyone, I’m back with a new video! This time, we’re going back to basics and understanding exactly what a wave function is, as well as what it represents, in the world of quantum physics. This video is going to be the first in a series I’m going to call “Quantum Mechanics… But Quickly”. In this series, I want to discuss some fundamental quantum concepts, and explain them in as visual and intuitive a way as possible – without having to sit through an hour long lecture, or understanding complicated graduate level mathematics.

A physicist named Louis de Broglie once suggested something amazing. While scientists were busy debating whether light was a wave or a particle, de Broglie suggested that even matter – things with mass (e.g. electrons, protons, atoms, etc.) – could behave like waves. This idea was revolutionary due to the mountains of evidence scientists had up until that point that matter behaved like particles. However, the quantum world was soon to revolutionise everything we thought we knew about the universe. And as it turns out, de Broglie’s suggestion was right.

His suggestion of matter waves permeated into the work of Erwin Schrodinger. Combining the idea of matter waves with the principle of Conservation of Energy, Schrodinger came up with the equation we now know as the Schrodinger Equation. This ended up being the governing equation of quantum mechanics, and crucially contained a function known as the wave function. This wave function contained mathematical information about any quantum system we happened to be studying.

The key question, then, was about what the wave function actually related to. What did it correspond to in real life? How should we interpret it? Well, there are a few different interpretations of quantum mechanics and how it relates to our real-life universe. The most commonly accepted one is the Copenhagen interpretation. And this interpretation suggests that a wave function is directly related to the probability distribution of a system. Specifically, if we take a system’s wave function and square it (well, technically if we take its square modulus), then this will give us the probabilities of various results occurring when we make a measurement on a system. For example, the wave function of a system could tell us the probability of finding a particle at a certain position in space. Or it could tell us the probabilities of finding different spin states when measuring the spin of an electron, for example.

In this video, we discuss these examples in detail. Additionally, we briefly look at the consequences of wave functions having imaginary parts. Lastly, we look at how the Schrodinger Equation (or at least the time dependent Schrodinger Equation) governs how a wave function changes over time – apart from when we make a measurement on the system. This measurement causes a discontinuous and jarring change in the wave function, known as the “collapse of the wave function”. This collapse has caused many philosophical problems for physicists over the years, and it continues to do so to this day.