Are All Plastics Bad? | How Plastics Nanotechnology Is Revolutionizing Medicine

Plastics often get a bad rap – but Dr. Lewis Blackman from the CSIRO is here to convince you that while many are catastrophic for our environment, there’s also a whole world of “good plastics” out there! Clever plastics that can help save children from cancer, allow amputees to walk and as weapons to kill superbugs. This talk ventures into the nanoworld to focus on how smart, shape-changing, nanosized plastic vehicles can allow us to tackle some of the world’s nastiest diseases more effectively and with fewer side effects than ever before! Bio: Lewis is a Londoner who fancied a change from the Big Smoke to the Land Down Under. After spending a year teaching science in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, he completed a PhD in polymer chemistry at the University of Warwick. Lewis is currently a postdoctoral fellow at CSIRO working on developing new polymer biomaterials to combat microbial infections.

How an Accident Sparked a Quantum Computing Breakthrough

An accident in a lab in Australia has led to a breakthrough discovery—one that might even change how we approach building quantum computers. As we know, quantum computers are much more difficult to make quite as small as their classical counterparts, and one dream for future quantum computers is a best-of-both-worlds scenario, where single atoms embedded in silicon can be manipulated with magnetic fields, producing more compact chips with millions of qubits on them. And now, it seems, these researchers in Australia have stumbled across a way to control nuclear qubits with more-manageable electric fields.

Decentralization and Privacy are more important than ever!

As our lives get further thrust into the digital realm, what we need more than ever is robust digital security to protect the increased activity we’re doing online. Unfortunately, we’re actually going backwards. Surveillance has become normalized, and people were never given the opportunity to opt in to this increased tracking. This is what Adam Back, Blockstream CEO, said in an interview with me at the Satoshi Roundtable earlier this year. Unfortunately the internet is not nearly private enough, and not nearly decentralized enough. To help solve this, his company built a Satellite that gives people more privacy for their bitcoin transactions and also helps freedom of speech. Adam and I discuss how the Satellite works, why it’s important, and whether it is possible to take back control of the internet and try to preserve some private space in our digital lives.

An Introduction to Tokenomics

David Siegel takes to the main stage in Amsterdam – at the Chainges event – to give a masterful introduction to tokenomics and the future of ICOs. Watch to learn more about the potential future and how the world’s economy can change with the introduction of tokens and token economies.

The Blockchain Series: Episode 4 – Blockchain as Democracy

In understanding democracy, and how we might improve it, Democracy.Earth founder Santiago Siri is developing an entire digital ecosystem meant to update our global political systems—and it’s powered by the blockchain. We meet up, talk about how it all works, then get to see what could be the future of governments for ourselves.

What happens when AI stops playing games?

The question, “can a machine be made to think like a person?” has always been tied to strategy games. Games, with their clear rules and obvious winners and losers, were perfect proving grounds for early computer scientists, who could break them down into clearly defined problem sets. Audiences could marvel at the progress of man vs machine face offs, even if they didn’t fully understand the underlying technology.

The earliest AI game systems relied on a brute force, top-down approach: programmers downloaded every possible outcome into their AI systems, which were built around narrowly defined, rule-based criteria. In the 1950s, the earliest versions of neural networks and machine learning arrived. This represented a shift towards bottom-up programming, systems designed to determine the probability of various outcomes based on training data. One early system, a virtual rat solving a maze, was made up of vacuum tubes, motors, and clutches. As the rat navigated, the machine learned and shifted probabilities.

IBM debuted their first AI Grand Challenge — a multi-year effort meant to push the limits of artificial intelligence — in 1997. Deep Blue beat reigning chess world champion Gary Kasparov, and was seen as the final triumph for the top-down approach. In the last decade, advances in machine learning, deep learning, and natural language processing paved the way for AIs like Watson on Jeopardy!, AlphaGo, and Dota 2—increasingly complex systems that still existed within the framework of games.

What is a Utility Token?

A utility token is a digital token that is issued in order to either fund development of a cryptocurrency and/or project/platform, or it may serve a “Service” or “Utility” feature on the platform.

It also might be used initially for funding and later used to purchase a good or service offered by the issuer of the tokens.

Utility tokens are digital assets that have been specifically designed to be spent within a certain blockchain ecosystem.