The Hype Over Quantum Computers, Explained

In October 2019, Google made a big announcement. It announced its 53-qubit quantum computer named Sycamore had achieved ‘quantum supremacy.’ That’s when quantum computers can complete tasks exponentially more quickly than their classical counterparts. In this case, Google said its quantum machine completed a task in 200 seconds that would have taken the world’s most powerful computer 10,000 years to complete. IBM, another major player in quantum computing, took issue with the findings. Either way, it was a big milestone in quantum computing, and it’s leading to a lot of hype in the field. Here’s how quantum computing works, and how it could change everything from Wall Street to Big Pharma and beyond.

Quantum Computing, Explained | Hartmut Neven | Google Zeitgeist 2019

Are we about to enter the modern-day Industrial Revolution? Google Engineering Director Hartmut Neven discusses the incredible technological advances made when quantum supremacy was achieved but how there is still an immense amount of work to be done in the future. Google Zeitgeist is a collection of talks by people who are changing the world. Hear entrepreneurs, CEOs, storytellers, scientists, and dreamers share their visions of how we can shape tomorrow. Hartmut Neven is an Engineering Director at Google. He is the founder and manager of the Quantum Artificial Intelligence lab. His team developed the visual search service which today is used by a large number of Google products including Image Search, Google Photos, YouTube, Street View and Google Goggles.

The Trillion Dollar Quantum Gold Rush

In 1956, to store 5MB of data, you needed a hard drive the size of an XL refrigerator. Today, we can hold over 51,000x on the tip of our finger But we kept getting diminishing returns within the last few years. Computers are still getting faster but we’re not seeing the exponential strides we had The one technology that powers our entire modern-day lives, that is at the core of every millionaire dollar business, every billion-dollar business, brick and motor business, education, government is at a plateau. And the person that can figure out a new way to keep pushing humanity forward? Forget millionaire, forget billionaire. They’ll be one of the most pivotal people in all of human history. The Quantum Computing Advantage Instead of just bits only representing 0 and 1’s or just 2 states, thanks to quantum physics, each bit in a quantum computer or qubit can represent 0 or 1 at the same time More possible states = more possible data that can be processed at the same time This allows quantum computers to scale up exponentially faster Just like the revolution cars, computers, and internet brought forth, quantum computers have the potential to change the world Practical uses AI is the perfect candidate for the power of quantum computing Another use case is using quantum in the financial markets, stock market, etc, to predict where prices will go Cryptography is another industry that is going to be heavily disrupted Others include: Weather Forecasting Molecular Modeling Particle Physics First, it will only be used at the scientific and big business level And as the technology progresses, it will trickle down to the consumer. The Pioneers On Oct 23rd, Google achieved “quantum supremacy” Google and IBM aren’t alone – Microsoft, Amazon, HP, Alibaba, Huawei, have joined the party Apple was able to become the biggest company in the world, nearly a trillion dollars with just classical computers So how high will quantum take us?

Can Quantum Computers Hack Blockchain

Quantum leap: why the next wave of computers will change the world To break a widely used RSA 2048-bit encryption, a classical computer with one trillion operations per second would need around 300 trillion years. A quantum computer using Shor’s algorithm could achieve the same feat in just 10 seconds, with 1 million operations per second. 300 trillion years versus 10 seconds.

Futures: an arts-science collaboration exploring Quantum Technology & Virtual Reality

Kilter Theatre company in collaboration with researchers from the University of Bristol explore the cutting-edge worlds of quantum and virtual reality.

We learned how quantum science is moving from the theoretical to the real, and is set to change the world! Working with the people at the forefront of this science, we unlocked ethical conversations about the future of quantum, and found new ways to communicate its importance to the world.

As immersive technologies like virtual reality look set to become part of our everyday existence, we explored the ethics and societal issues of this cutting-edge science. We devised new ways of communicating developments in the technology, and of harnessing conversations around ethics, philosophy, and the human experience.

The project culminated in a series of workshops and micro-performances in summer 2019, designed to provoke an ethical conundrum for the future and share cutting-edge research with the public.

Demonstrating Quantum Supremacy

We’re marking a major milestone in quantum computing research that opens up new possibilities for this technology. Learn how the Google AI Quantum team demonstrated how a quantum computer can perform a task no classical computer can in an experiment called “quantum supremacy.”

Scientists Just Looked Inside a ‘Quantum Matter Fireball’

HADES, or the High Acceptance DiElectron Spectrometer, is an internationally collaborative piece of equipment located in Germany. HADES is used by scientists all over the world to study matter as it might exist in some of the most intense events in the cosmos, like the merging of neutron stars.

And it’s getting hot enough in HADES to create and analyze a fireball of quantum matter

But…how?

So the HADES team decided to pursue some answers with a physical experiment. And by physical experiment we mean the team smashed gold atoms into a gold target at nearly the speed of light, creating a fireball of quark matter.

After its initial creation, the quantum fireball starts to shed particles called rho mesons, which are made of a quark and an antiquark. These rho mesons decay into ‘virtual’ photons, which then further decay into electron-positron pairs.

HADES measured the electron-positron pairs that were left at the end of the experiment and researchers gained a brand new understanding into the behavior of the quark matter fireball itself. The measurements indicated that the quark matter fireball could reach really, really hot temperatures, like 800 billion degrees celsius level hot.